Application Developer Forum

This forum gives MULTOS Application Developers the opportunity to ask questions, exchange solutions and find ideas.

Click here to see what's being discussed.

Getting Started

Welcome to the world of the MULTOS Trust Anchor. Before you can start using your developer device (read about the range of devices available here) you will need to load some software.

Windows Desktop SDK

The SDK allows you to develop MULTOS applications in 'C', load them to your developer device, debug them (either in the chip or in a simulator) and finally build them for deployment on live products.

Start by following the instructions on the Software page then come back here when you're ready.

A new LINUX version of the SDK is now available for Beta testing. If you are interested in trying this please contact us.

Creating Projects

The SmartDeck manual's "Getting Started Guide" section describes how to create an Eclipse workspace and set up a new project. It is important to understand how a workspace and project is constructed. However, it is much faster to use the Tutorial's workspace and make a copy of an existing project as a starting point for your own project.

Example Source Code

Example source code can be found in the Tutorials section and covers:-

  • Using GPIO pins
  • Command mode
  • Embedded mode
  • Timers
  • Communications using serial, i2c and SPI
  • Sending APDU commands
  • Fault handling
  • Use of a WiFi module
  • Performing application updates

Support

The MULTOS Application Developer Forum is the main place to ask questions and get support. If you would  like to join the forum please contact us via the Developer Support contact form. There is also an FAQ.

 

What can I use a MULTOS Trust Anchor for?

The MULTOS Trust Anchor is so much more than just a simple authentication device. It is a highly-secure general purpose microcontroller with proven protection against physical and logical attacks. It has hardware support for a wide range of cryptographic functions and so, depending on the use case, a MULTOS Trust Anchor can be used as a supporting trusted device  in a larger system (essentially a mini Hardware Security Module or HSM) or as the master, controlling microcontroller in smaller devices. It also provides a contactless (NFC) interface opening up many more potential use cases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A MULTOS Trust Anchor connected as an HSM to a Raspberry Pi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A MULTOS Trust Anchor as the main microcontroller in a smart solar panel.

 

The secure environment and cryptographic support lends itself to implementation of strong authentication, data encryption (at rest and in transit), integrity checking, payments etc. See the MULTOS website for more information on MULTOS technology. System integrators are able to implement the security of their choosing or use existing packages (details to be provided as they become available).

The API Reference details the functions you can use in your applications.

Suggestions for new functionality can be made by contacting us through the Developer Support contact page.

 

How can a MULTOS Trust Anchor be used?

A MULTOS Trust Anchor supports a number of modes making it very flexible.

  • Command Mode: The device operates in command / response mode with commands sent on the serial port (or using I2C) being processed by the currently selected application. This is similar to how a smartcard works. The message protocols are defined here and here.
  • Embedded Mode: The device runs an event handling loop. On detection of an event (for example a GPIO pin level change) applications that are registered to handle that event are called. MULTOS operates in this mode when it is powered up from an external power source.
  • Smartcard Mode: The device operates through the smartcard interfaces it supports (Contact and/or Contactless) and is powered by those interfaces.
  • Combined Mode: MULTOS operates in this mode when it is powered up from an external power source and energised by a contactless smartcard reader. When in this mode the GPIO, I2C, SPI and serial IO interfaces are also available so long as power is applied to the Vcc_GPIO pin.

The Tutorials section has examples of programming your device in different modes.

 

Connectivity

The following connectivity options are supported:-

  1. GPIO: 12 GPIO pins arranged in two ports, a group of 8 (GPIO0-GPIO7) and a groupd of 4 (GPIO8-GPIO11). GPIO pins can be used individually or together as a port. Each group of 4 pins can source or sink a maxiumum of 4mA.
  2. Serial: Up to two serial ports can be configured, one on each GPIO port. In Command Mode, the default serial port is on pins GPIO10 (Tx) and GPIO11 (Rx). Speeds up to 57600 baud are supported.
  3. SPI (Master only): Supported on GPIO0 (MOSI), GPIO1 (MISO) and GPIO2 (CLK) with GPIO3-GPIO10 configurable as Slave Select (SS) pins.
  4. I2C (Master and Slave): Supported on GPIO8 (SCL) and GPIO9 (SDA)

See the API documentation and pin out for more details.

 

Debugging

General

Applications can be debugged in-chip using the Eclipse environment when using Command Mode. This is particularly useful when it is required to debug code that talks to external devices. Conditional compilation directives (#ifdef etc) can be used, if required, to allow applications that will eventually be run in Embedded Mode to be tested and debugged in Command Mode.

Note that the debugger needs exclusive access to the default serial port. It is therefore not possible to debug applications that make use of the default serial port. However, applications that make use of the secondary serial port can be debugged.

Enabling in-chip debugging

To put MULTOS into debugging mode when executing an application, the function miDebuggingEnable() must be called in the code. Execution will break at the statement following this call. A call to miDebuggingDisable() will stop the debugger and allow the rest of the application to execute normally. Use of these two functions can therefore enable specific segments of the application to be tested without having to step through all of the application. IMPORTANT: In final builds of the application, any calls to miDebuggingEnable() and miDebuggingDisable() must be removed or "compiled out" (through use of a #ifdef type mechanism).

Eclipse considerations

Debugging an application in Eclipse for a MULTOS Trust Anchor is almost identical to debugging a MULTOS smartcard application. A brief overview of using and debugging with Eclipse can be found in these slides. The only difference is that instead of a Windows simulator, hsim, being used, a communications interface program, mdi, is  used instead.  The change is made in the debugging command file. See the debugging.txt files in the eloyalty and led_flash tutorial projects.